Probate Courts exercise exclusive, original jurisdiction in the probate of wills, administration of estates, appointment of guardians and involuntary hospitalization of incapacitated adults and other individuals.
All Probate Court judges administer oaths of office and issue marriage licenses. Probate Court also issues Georgia Weapons Permits. They may hold habeas corpus hearings or preside over criminal preliminary hearings. Unless a jury trial is requested, probate court judges may also hear certain misdemeanors, traffic cases and violations of state game and fish laws in counties where there is no state court. Judges of the Probate Court make appointments to certain local public offices. Appeals from such civil cases may be to the Superior Court or the Court of Appeals depending on the particular matter.